U.S. Route 400

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U.S. Route 400 marker
U.S. Route 400
US 400 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by CDOT, KDOT, MoDOT, and the city of Cimarron
Length481.306 mi[a] (774.587 km)
Existed1994–present
HistoryExtended west in 1996[citation needed]
Major junctions
West end US 50 / US 385 in Granada, CO
 
East end I-44 / US 166 near Joplin, MO
Location
StatesColorado, Kansas, Missouri
Highway system
Colorado State Highways
  • Kansas State Highway System
SH 394CO SH 402
K-383KS I-435
Route 376MO US 412

U.S. Route 400 (US 400) is a 481.306-mile-long (774.587 km) mostly east–west U.S. Highway, commissioned in 1994. The highway's western terminus is in Granada, Colorado, at an intersection with US 385. The highway's eastern terminus is southwest of Joplin, Missouri, near Loma Linda, at an interchange with Interstate 44, with which it shares with US 166. It originally ended in Garden City, Kansas; in 1996 it was extended to its current western terminus.

Route description[edit]

The route number does not follow the numbering convention for U.S. Highways established by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. The number 400 implies the route is a spur of U.S. Route 0,[4] which does not exist.

Colorado[edit]

US 400 begins in Granada at an intersection with US 385. It then runs concurrently with US 50 through Holly east to the Kansas border.

Kansas[edit]

US-50 and US-400 eastbound

US-400 and US-50 enter Kansas west of Coolidge. They run concurrently through Garden City, where it intersects US-83 and separate at Dodge City, which is where it intersects US-56 and US-283. It continues southeast from Dodge City and first intersects US-54 at Mullinville.

US-400 and US-54 begin a long concurrency at Mullinville which passes through Greensburg, Pratt and Kingman before entering Wichita. While in Wichita, US-400 and US-54 intersect Interstate 235 and the concurrency of US-81 and Interstate 135. K-96 provides a short freeway connection to Interstate 35, which is also the Kansas Turnpike. At Augusta, US-400 and US-54 enter into another concurrency with US-77, and US-400 breaks from this concurrency at Haverhill.

US 400/54 a few miles west of Pratt, Kansas.

US-400 continues east through several small towns before turning southeast to go through the Fredonia area and intersecting US-75 at Neodesha. After a brief concurrency with US-75, it turns east, first intersecting U.S. Route 169 near Morehead and then US-59 near Parsons before finally intersecting US-69 south of Pittsburg. It then turns south with US-69 and at Crestline, follows US-69A south to Riverton. US-400 then turns east with US-166 at Baxter Springs and the two highways run concurrently eastward into Missouri.

The entire 1.369 miles (2 km) section of US-400 in Cimarron is maintained by the city.[5]

Missouri[edit]

US 400, along with US 166, terminates at I-44 about one mile (1.6 km) east of the Kansas-Missouri state line, three miles (5 km) west of Joplin.

History[edit]

U.S. 400's eastern terminus approaching I-44 in Newton County, Missouri

US 400 was first established on December 1, 1994, and at that time ran from the east end of the US-50 and US-83 overlap, eastward to the east county line of Cherokee County, Kansas.[6]

In a May 3, 1995 resolution, it was approved to move US-400 and K-96 to a new alignment between northwest of Fredonia and Neodesha, at that time the overlap with K-47 was removed.[7] In a December 3, 1998 resolution, it was approved to truncate K-96 to end at US-400 by Wichita.[8][9]

U.S. Route 154[edit]

A section of U.S. 400 that ran from Dodge City to Mullinville, Kansas was U.S. Route 154 from 1926 to 1982. It later became K-154 before becoming part of U.S. 400.[citation needed]

Construction on the first section of the East Kellogg improvement project started in August 2015. The project included a redesigned intersection with Webb Road and widened US-54 and US-400 from four lanes to six lanes from Webb Road to Greenwich Road. Construction on a second project began in 2016, to continue widening the highway to a six-lane freeway between Greenwich Road and K-96. Also new bridges will be built over I-35/KTA, new ramps will be constructed from southbound I-35/KTA to westbound US-54/US-400 and from eastbound US-54/US-400 to both northbound and southbound I-35/KTA. In addition, two-lane one way frontage roads on each side of the freeway will be built. Construction for both projects should be completed by late 2021.[10] A two-mile section of the new highway, from Eastern Street to the K-96 junction, opened on November 21, 2019.[11] On April 16, 2020, vandals damaged an estimated $50,000 worth of construction equipment, which included a bulldozer, excavator and an off-road vehicle.[12]

Major intersections[edit]

All exits are unnumbered.

StateCountyLocationmi[b]kmDestinationsNotes
ColoradoProwersGranada0.0000.000 US 50 west / US 385  – Lamar, Cheyenne Wells, Sand Creek Massacre National Historic SiteWestern terminus; western end of US 50 overlap; highway continues as US 50 west (Goff Avenue west)
Holly10.73717.280 SH 89 (First Avenue)  – Lycan
 14.814
0.000
23.841
0.000
ColoradoKansas line
KansasHamiltonSyracuse16.09425.901 K-27 north (McDow Street)  – TribuneWestern end of concurrency with K-27
16.62426.754 K-27 south (Main Street)  – Johnson CityEastern end of concurrency with K-27
KearnyLakin43.96570.755 K-25 (Main Street)  – Ulysses, Leoti
FinneyHolcomb59.84896.316Big Lowe Road – HolcombDiamond interchange
Garden City65.848105.972

US-83 north / US-50 Bus. east / US-83 Bus. south  – Garden City, Scott City
Diamond interchange; western end of concurrency with US-83
69.618112.039 K-156 (Kansas Avenue) / Mary StreetPair of half-diamond interchanges with one-way ramps connecting Mary Street and K-156
71.156114.514
US-83 south / US-50 Bus. west (Fulton Street)  – Garden City, Liberal
Partial cloverleaf interchange; eastern end of concurrency with US-83
GrayCimarron102.427164.840 K-23 (Main Street)  – Meade, Dighton
Ford116.681187.780 US-50 east  – Dodge CityEastern end of US-50 overlap
119.852192.883 US-56 west  – SubletteWestern end of US-56 overlap
123.395198.585 US-283 south  – Minneola, Boot Hill, Front StreetWestern end of US-283 overlap
Dodge City126.825204.105 US-56 east / US-283 north  – Jetmore, KinsleyEastern end of US-56/US-283 overlap
147.625237.579 K-34 south  – Bucklin
Kiowa160.797258.778 US-54 west  – MeadeInterchange; western end of US-54 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
167.767269.995 US-183  – Kinsley, Coldwater
PrattPratt199.963321.809 US-281  – St. John, Medicine Lodge, Airport
201.236323.858 K-61 north  – Hutchinson, Pratt Community College
Kingman217.105349.397170th Avenue – CunninghamInterchange
230.329370.679 K-11 north  – HutchinsonFormer K-14 north
Kingman234.554377.478 K-14 south (North Main Street)  – Anthony, Business District, AirportWestern end of K-14 overlap
238.301383.50840th AvenueWestern end of freeway
239.009384.64870th Avenue
244.713393.827 K-14 north (100th Avenue)  – Hutchinson, MurdockEastern end of K-14 overlap; former K-17
249.778401.979Mt. Vernon
Sedgwick252.769406.792 K-251 (391st Street West)
253.769408.402383rd Street West
255.819411.701343rd Street West
258.820416.530Garden PlainEastern end of freeway; former K-163
Wichita270.840435.875Maize RoadWestern end of freeway
271.840437.484Tyler Road
272.829439.076Ridge Road – Eisenhower National Airport
273.838440.700Dugan RoadNo direct eastbound exit (signed at Ridge Road)
274.303441.448 I-235I-235 exit 7
274.840442.312West Street
Edwards Street / Meridian AvenueAccess to Southwest Boulevard (former K-42)
Seneca Street / Sycamore Street
253.789408.434Central Business District
278.459448.136Washington Avenue
279.205449.337 I-135 / US-81 / K-15  – Salina, Oklahoma CityI-135 exits 5B-6A
Grove StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
Hillside Street
Oliver Avenue / Edgemoor Street
Woodlawn BoulevardWestbound access via Towne East Drive/Armour Drive
Towne East Drive / Armour Drive
285.943460.181Rock RoadEastbound access via Towne East Drive/Armour Drive
I-35 / Kansas Turnpike  – Oklahoma City, Kansas CityClosed, access via south frontage road only; I-35/Kansas Tpke. exit 50
286.017460.300Webb RoadOpened in 2020
286.072460.388Greenwich Road
I-35 / Kansas Turnpike  – Oklahoma City, Kansas CityFuture interchange,[13] westbound entrance open; I-35/Kansas Tpke. exit 53A
286.172460.549

K-96 west to I-35 / Kansas Turnpike  – Hutchinson
Eastern end of freeway
ButlerAugusta297.431478.669 US-77 south (Walnut Street)  – Douglass, WinfieldWestern end of US-77 overlap
302.952487.554Haverhill, SmileybergInterchange
305.143491.080 US-54 east / US-77 north  – El DoradoPartial interchange; westbound access via connector road; eastern end of US-54/US-77 overlap
Greenwood338.268544.390 K-99 south  – HowardWestern end of K-99 overlap
339.315546.075 K-99 north  – EmporiaEastern end of K-99 overlap
Wilson358.104576.313 K-39 east  – Chanute, Toronto Lake, Cross Timbers State Park
Fredonia366.496589.818 K-47  – Altoona, FredoniaRoundabout
377.295607.197 US-75 north  – NeodeshaInterchange; western end of US-75 overlap
Montgomery381.326613.685 US-75 south  – IndependenceInterchange; eastern end of US-75 overlap
390.527628.492 US-169  – Chanute, CoffeyvilleInterchange
LabetteParsons406.061653.492 US-59  – Parsons, ErieInterchange
CherokeeCrawford
county line
420.172676.201 K-126 east  – McCune
Cherokee430.148692.256 K-7  – Girard, Columbus
437.128703.489 US-69 north / US-160 east / K-171 east  – Joplin, PittsburgNorthern end of US-69/US-160 overlap; western terminus of K-171
Cherokee439.095706.655 K-103 west  – Weir
Crestline448.223721.345

US-69 Alt. begins / US-69 south / US-160 west  – Columbus
Southern end of US-69/US-160 overlap; western end of US-69 Alt. overlap; former K-96
Riverton455.507733.067 K-66 east / Beasley Road  – GalenaRoundabout
457.274735.911
US-69 Alt. south  – Baxter Springs
Eastern end of US-69 Alt. overlap
460.350740.862 US-166 west  – Baxter SpringsWestern end of US-166 overlap
462.251743.921 K-26 north  – Galena
 465.556
0.000
749.240
0.000
KansasMissouri line
MissouriNewton0.9361.506
US 166 ends / I-44  – Springfield, Tulsa
Eastern terminus; I-44 exit 1; eastern end of US 166 overlap; eastbound access to S. Outer Road
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Total mileage is a summation of the state mileages.[1][2][3]
  2. ^ Mileposts reset at state line crossings.[1][2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "OTIS Highway Data Explorer". Colorado Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on September 10, 2012. Retrieved April 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b Staff (2016). "Pavement Management Information System". Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  3. ^ a b Missouri Department of Transportation (April 16, 2017). MoDOT HPMAPS (Map). Missouri Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  4. ^ "FreightWaves Classics: National Highway System helps commerce move from coast-to-coast". Freightwaves Inc. February 23, 2021. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  5. ^ Kansas Department of Transportation (January 1, 2012). "Resolution Designating City Connecting Links in State Highway System". Topeka: Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 7, 2020.
  6. ^ Kansas Department of Transportation (December 1, 1994). "State Highway Resolution to establish Highway US-400 in thirteen counties in Kansas". Topeka: Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  7. ^ Kansas Department of Transportation (May 5, 1995). "Resolution to relocate, redesignate and withdraw segments of highway in Wilson County". Topeka: Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 13, 2021.
  8. ^ Kansas Department of Transportation (December 3, 1998). "Rural Resolution to remove K 96 from US 400 in Wilson County". Topeka: Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 14, 2021.
  9. ^ Kansas Department of Transportation (December 3, 1998). "Rural Resolution to remove K 96 from US 400 in Butler County". Topeka: Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 14, 2021.
  10. ^ Kansas Department of Transportation (2020). "About the Projects". Topeka: Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
  11. ^ Kansas Department of Transportation (November 21, 2019). "Two-mile section of Kellogg freeway opens in east Wichita" (PDF). Topeka: Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  12. ^ Tidd, Jason (April 16, 2020). "After $50K vandalism at East Kellogg construction site, Crime Stoppers offers $10K reward". Wichita: The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
  13. ^ "ABOUT THE PROJECTS". East Kellogg Improvements. Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 22, 2021.

External links[edit]

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